Perspective-Taking in Online Discussions

In this article, Jarvela & Hakkinen (2003) use Selman's (1980) sociocognitive construct of "perspective-taking" to evaluate the level of asynchronous discussions.  As they do, they had some interesting things to say about human- and machine-interaction.  They write, for example, that "[s]ome of the most important processes in human communication, like creation of mutual understanding or … Continue reading Perspective-Taking in Online Discussions

Jonathan Swift & E-Learning

This article is the opening editorial for the journal E-learning.  I wanted to just record one insight that I found especially interesting.  The author writes that Jonathan Swift's "writing machine" in Book 4 of Gulliver's Travels reminds him "of various 'teaching machines' that promised an automation of teaching and learning. And perhaps also thinking, in … Continue reading Jonathan Swift & E-Learning

Promoting Access to Knowledge, Strategy, & Disposition

Just a few words on this article by Richard Prawat (1989).  Prawat is making an argument about acccess, which he defines as "the ability to draw on or utilize one's intellectual resources in situations where those resources are relevant" (p. 1).  He discusses three major sets of variables identified by the cognitive psychologists: knowledge base, … Continue reading Promoting Access to Knowledge, Strategy, & Disposition

Online Communities: Usability & Sociability

Tonight I finished an article by Jonathan Lazar & Jennifer Preece (2003), which discusses the factors which lead to and possible measures by which to gauge success in online communities.  One factor is usability -- how useable the software and internet interface is.  The other factor discussed is sociability, since "[i[nformation from a disembodied source … Continue reading Online Communities: Usability & Sociability

Perkins et al.: New Conceptions of Thinking

This article is part of my research on dispositions.  I have already blogged on an article which goes into great depth about the nature of dispositions.  Just a few thoughts from this particular article, which argues that dispositions are best developed through enculturation. The authors make some interesting arguments about four distinct but mutually reinforcing … Continue reading Perkins et al.: New Conceptions of Thinking

Arbaugh on Virtual Immediacy

Arbaugh (2001) reports on research about the effect of immediacy behaviors in online learning.  She begins by defining immediacy behaviors as "communication behaviors that reduce social and psychological distance between people" (p. 43).  In a face-to-face setting, this might include nonverbal actions such as eye contact, smiling, movement around classroom, body position; and verbal acts … Continue reading Arbaugh on Virtual Immediacy